25 easy ways to get smarter: part 4

21. Play Tetris.
A study by American scientists has shown that this classic puzzle can have a positive impact on the development of the human brain. Testing confirmed that regular practice of playing Tet¬ris can increase the amount of gray matter in the player’s brain and improve his thinking ability. The brain of people who, during an experiment for three months, played this puzzle for half an hour a day, has undergone changes in areas related to movement, critical thinking, reasoning, language and information processing.

Leonardo da Vinci
Artist, inventor, scientist, writer:

“Iron rusts without being used, standing water rots or freezes in the cold, and the mind of a person withers.”

23. Get good sleep.
It is in a dream that the brain processes the information collected during the day and forms the memories. As calculated by the staff of the University of California at Berkeley, usually an adult has enough from 6 to 8 hours of sleep.

24. Read in new ways.
You, of course, already ran through this advice and went on to the next one. Try to go back and do this.

■ Take a pencil and, leading it under the line, read the text. The eye, having caught movement, will run behind a pointer, reading thus everything that you have slipped to it. Every time, speed up the movement of the pencil – so your eyes will get used to the increased load, the reading speed will increase, and you will be able to absorb information faster.

■ 80% of people mentally speak words when reading. You acquired this bad habit, learning to read: he spelled the text, then by syllables, then put them into words. But for understanding it is not at all necessary. To fight with the inner voice, learn to read the text, at the same time counting up to thirty or singing (without words) a song. A week or two you will not understand the content of the text, but gradually everything will come back to normal.

■ If physiologists are to be believed, in a person who sees something exciting, the pupils are reflexively dilated. When you reach an interesting place in the text, the same thing is observed: the pupil expands, more light enters the eye, which means it can catch more information. The only problem is how to make yourself believe that the investigative protocol in front of you is as interesting as the interview with the cover girl. From a neurophysiological point of view, interest arises at the moment when the brain compares new information with that already in memory. So just assume what exactly can be written in the text. The brain will be forced to compare information with real and willy-nilly – to show interest.

25. Get yourself an unusual hobby.
New activities, according to the Salk Institute for Biological Research in the suburbs of San Diego, firstly, help to distract from the routine, and secondly, force your brain to adapt to unfamiliar activities and, as a result, to train.

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